Saturday, February 28, 2015

Mothers and Children of Jose Vives-Atsara

Before the iconic landscape paintings of Brackenridge Park and the Texas Missions, highly stylized palette knife floral, and the animated art residency lecture series at Incarnate Word College, his powerful and political client base drove his international reputation.  Early in his artistic career and living in several countries including Spain, Venezuela, and Mexico City, Jose Vives-Atsara struggled financially.  With a charismatic and colorful personality, and a personal drive to economically care for his growing family, Vives-Atsara befriended many.  In the varied environments he found himself, he discovered an eclectic array of visual stimulus.  
Living in Mexico City, Mexico from 1949-1956, he found inspiration in the people, the culture, and the aura of the open air markets. 

Here, Vives-Atsara worked on a series of portraits in the mid 1950’s. Although he was a traditional based artist, painting landscapes, still-lifes and florals; his representations were seemingly different. The portraits took on a more raw quality, a less refined appeal, giving grace to the constant challenges of a landscape painter to project a portrait painting. None- the- less, Vives-Atsara continued to explore this genre and was unrelenting in his need to capture the essence of the people he loved and pride for this new country he called home.  However, not as refined as his Texas based paintings, the portraits give us a chance to see how the shortcomings of an artist yearning to paint people produce such dynamic, almost na├»ve portraitures.   Although his portraits do not demand the $20,000- $60,000 prices his large landscapes and floral receive.  They are a great addition to any collection.  They are a stable art market investment and have continued appreciation value.
Two paintings that are now only beginning to gain buzz in the contemporary social norms of woman’s right to choose, pay equality, public breastfeeding and other re-evaluations of gender based norms are Vives-Atsara’s Mother and Child and Madre Indigena.

Vives-Atsara’s motherly depictions are spot-on with a glowing aura of elegance; as public feedings, no less controversial, move within the women’s right to choose and her child rearing choices and actions in the public sector.

Mother and Child is a side profile portrait of a woman with her child. While facing to the left, the woman’s angle directs us down to the bundled child.  The slope of the vegetation and agave plants in the background align with the sweeping features of woman’s body, exposed flesh-nursing her young. We are directed along with visual route down through the pale blue coverings of the baby’s hood and jacket; pausing at the closed eyes.  We can sense the calming of the innocent child during the sacred feeding and natural nourishment.

Madre Indigena, is a celebration of motherhood, but with an opposite compositional angle to Mother and Child. A woman and her baby share an embrace that illustrates the seemingly mundane daily routines of two individuals, caught up in their own symbiotic relationship - locked together for life and death importance.  In the painting we see and acknowledge one needing the other for life, for substance; a nurturing of spiritual and metaphysical essence.  We as observers see the endearing grin of the mother, looking down to the child; reminiscent of a religious experience . Vives-Atsara’s setting, backdrop and environment in this painting speak to the proletariat, the worker in the field, the peasant and the Mercado worker; a public display of endearment that meets with mixed reactions depending on the viewing geography.

While both can lay the groundwork for discussion, each maintains and depicts the underlying womanly obligations, a chastise-able action by some, but painted with undeterred nobility.

Take time to appreciate Jose Vives-Atsara’s portrait series with an open mind.  An artist’s desire to create knows no boundaries.  When he found inspiration in what he saw, Vives-Atsara took that to the studio.  Enchanted with the people and their ethnic diversity, he painted broad noses, thick hair, utilitarian garb, and strove to portray the social hierarchy.  In his paintings, we see aspects of indigenous facial characteristics of these nameless people, but also familiar traits of our own Texas cultures.  Art is Universal, and in these rare portraits, Jose Vives-Atsara gives us a chance to see that.

© Gabriel Diego Delgado/ J.R. Mooney Galleries

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